Alternative Dispute Resolution, often referred to as ADR, consists of procedures by which disputing parties may voluntarily resolve their differences without submitting their issues for independent judgment and decision by a judge or jury.

Mediation, arbitration, special master-magistrate, third-party neutral administration and other similar processes and ADR procedures that use non-judges to assist parties to resolve their differences without resorting to judicial decision have become increasingly useful and popular for more timely issue resolution.

Another very important advantage for use of any ADR is the substantial reduction in emotional and monetary cost of a voluntary non-judge resolution compared to formal litigation, trial and often, appeal.